Tibetans in Exile
The Chinese invasion
of Tibet started soon after 1949 when the Chinese communist regime was
established. The communist government sent its troops to Tibet under the
name of “Liberation of Tibet”, in order to occupy Tibet. In
1959 during the Tibetan Revolt, Dalai Lama exiled to India. The Chinese
army quelled the revolt, killing more than 86,000 Tibetans. During the
Great Cultural Revolution, between the 60s and 70s, China destroyed more
than 6,000 Tibetan monasteries, 95 % of the monasteries that existed.
Following Dalai Lama, many Tibetans monks fled to neighboring countries
such as India, Nepal and Bhutan. Still now in Tibet, possession of picture of
the 14th Dalai Lama is prohibited. Monks have to sign a paper that denounces the 14th Dalai Lama and swears patriotism to China. Tibetan culture and religion is disappearing in Tibet, while the exiled Tibetans try to kept them alive outside Tibet. Every year about 3,000 Tibetans flee their land and cross Himalaya on foot, risking their lives. Currently about 130,000 Tibetans live in exile.